Last edited by Grole
Saturday, May 9, 2020 | History

2 edition of In-situ oil shale retort found in the catalog.

In-situ oil shale retort

D. L. Douglass

In-situ oil shale retort

thermocouple well failure analysis

by D. L. Douglass

  • 205 Want to read
  • 4 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Energy, Sandia Laboratories in [Albuquerque, N.M.] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Thermocouples -- Analysis.,
  • Retorsion.,
  • Oil-shales.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementD. L. Douglass, Sandia Laboratories, prepared by Sandia Laboratory for the United States Energy Research and Development Administration.
    SeriesSAND ; 78-1451, SAND (Series) (Albuquerque, N.M.) -- 78-1451.
    ContributionsUnited States. Energy Research and Development Administration., United States. Dept. of Energy., Sandia Laboratories.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination21 p. :
    Number of Pages21
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15237103M

    Oil shale, any sedimentary rock containing various amounts of solid organic material that yields petroleum products, along with a variety of solid by-products, when subjected to pyrolysis—a treatment that consists of heating the rock to above °C (about °F) in the absence of oxygen. The liquid oil extracted from oil shale, once it is upgraded, creates a type of synthetic . The results of the first days of operation of an in-situ oil shale retorting experiment are presented. A zone of oil shale between feet (42 m) and feet (54 m) deep in the Tipton Member of the Green River Formation was retorted. The oil shale averaged gallons per ton (89 litres per tonne) in the target : A. Long, N.W. Merriam, C.G. Mones, L.J. Romanowski.

    U.S. oil shale reserves are massive but the process of oil extraction is too complex, but this problem may be solved by Royal Dutch Shell's new technology called : Dan Denning. s Shell researches Piceance Creek in-situ steam injection process for oil shale and nahcolite Four oil shale leases issued by BLM under Interior’s Prototype Leasing Program. Unocal develops new “Union B” retort process; Shell and Ashland join Colony Project.

    INTEGRATION OF HTGRS AND AN EX SITU OIL SHALE RETORT Identifier: Revision: Effective Date: TEV 0 12/13/10 Page: 6 of 25 In conventional chemical processes, process heat, electricity, and hydrogen are generated by the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas, resulting in significant. Oil Shale Research in the United States _____ Profiles of Oil Shale Research and Development Activities In Universities, National Laboratories, and Public Agencies Prepared by INTEK, Inc. For the U.S. Department of Energy • Office of Petroleum Reserves Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves Third Edition: September 3rd Edition.


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In-situ oil shale retort by D. L. Douglass Download PDF EPUB FB2

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT – Vol. II -Extraction of Oil Shale: Surface and In Situ Retorting - Victor Yefimov and Shuyuan Li ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) of spent shale, etc.

The Lurgi–Ruhrgas retort, the Tosco retort, the Taciuk retort and theFile Size: KB. Oil shale is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary rock containing kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds) from which liquid hydrocarbons can be produced, called shale oil (not to be confused with tight oil—crude oil occurring naturally in shales).

Shale oil is a substitute for conventional crude oil; however, extracting shale oil from oil shale is more costly than the Primary: Kerogen, Quartz, Feldspar. OCLC Number: Notes: Contract AT() Work supported by th U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-ACDP May Description.

An in situ oil shale process is described comprising the steps of: retorting raw oil shale in situ to liberate light hydrocarbon gases, shale oil and shale-laden retort water containing suspended and dissolved impurities including raw and spent oil shale particulates, shale oil, organic carbon, carbonates, ammonia and chemical oxygen demand; separating the light hydrocarbon gases.

In ex situ production, oil shale is mined, In-situ oil shale retort book, and then subjected to thermal processing at the surface in an oil shale retort. Both pyrolysis and combustion have been used to treat oil shale in a surface retort. In in situ production, the shale is left in place and the retorting (e.g., heating) of the shale occurs in the ground.

Geological Overview of Oil Shale. of Land Management stated that surface mining and retort operations produce 2 to processed oil shale. In situ processing, according to.

Leachate Migration from an In-Situ Oil-Shale Retort near Rock Springs, Wyoming By Kent C. Glover Abstract Hydrogeologic factors influencing leachate movement from an in-situ oil-shale retort near Rock Springs, Wyoming, were investigated through models of ground-water flow and solute transport.

Leachate, indicated by the conservative ionAuthor: Kent C. Glover. A tunnel is formed above an in situ oil shale retort in a subterranean deposit containing oil shale.

A void is excavated in the retort site, and remaining deposit in the retort site is fragmented by explosively expanding toward the void to form a subterranean cavity containing a fragmented permeable mass of particles containing oil shale. Products of MIS retorting are: • Processed or spent shale (left in situ) • Shale oil (collected at bottom of retort and pumped to the sur- face for processing and transportation) • Retort water {produced on approximately a one-to-one ratio with shale oil with perhaps some residue remaining in in-situ retort) • Gas (treated (sulfur.

In situ retorting of oil shale: Results of two field experiments [Burwell, Edward L.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In situ retorting of oil shale: Results of two field experimentsAuthor: Edward L. Burwell. Identification of [gamma]-valerolactone in waste water from an oil-shale in situ retort (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Francis R McDonald; United States.

Bureau of Mines.; University of Wyoming. Sectional view of a Geokinetics horizontal in-situ oil shale retort. Retort Boundary Pressure] Blower Pressuri Blower Figure 2. Heat Exchanger Overhead view of surface Geokinetics Retort No. formed field sampling and ana lysis from July 16 to July During that time period, the flame front advanced ap- proximately 6 inches per day.

An oil shale process is provided to retort oil shale and purify oil shale retort water. In the process, raw oil shale is retorted in an in situ underground retort or in an above ground retort to liberate shale oil, light hydrocarbon gases and oil shale retort water. The retort water is separated from the shale oil and gases in a sump or in a fractionator or quench tower followed by an API oil Cited by: Creep is a major factor in overall deformation of heated shale.

Oil shale was found to be an excellent insulator. Loss of pillar support area at hr of heating would be about 10 pct. Good correlation was found between a finite element model using the developed properties and an in situ heater test.

The objective of this investigation is to determine the physical and thermal properties of oil shale at elevated temperatures and to provide the required background information and analyses required for effective mine design and subsidence prediction for.

A prototype oil-shale retort and UPI (Usina Prototipo do Iratí) plant constructed near São Mateus do Sul began operations in with a design capacity of 1, tons of oil shale per day. In an industrial-size retort, 11 m in diameter, was put into operation with a design capacity of about tons (~3, barrels) of shale oil per day.

The partitioning or distribution of 50 elements to the spent shale, shale oil, retort water, and gases was studied by completing mass balances for several runs of three simulated in-situ retorts.

Method for assuring uniform combustion in an in situ oil shale retort USA (en) * Equity Oil Company: In situ recovery of oil and gas from water-flooded oil shale formations USA (en) * Exxon Research And Engineering Co.

In situ shale-oil recovery processCited by: This paper analyzes the process of in situ combustion of oil shale, taking into account the transport and chemical reaction of various components in porous reservoirs.

The physical model is presented, including the mass and energy conservation equations and Darcy’s law. The oxidation reactions of oil shale combustion are expressed by adding source terms in the Cited by: 3.

This paper describes an in-situ combustion experiment conducted by the U. Bureau of Mines in the Green River oil shale formation near Rock Springs, Wyo. The experiment was designed to study the engineering problems associated with the establishment, maintenance, and control of a self-sustaining combustion zone in the oil shale and the use of.

tures of an in situ retort are controlled by the nature of the raw oil shale (i.e., grain size, organic content, and mineralogy), air flow, and porosity. The maximum temperatures achieved during in situ retorting are approximately C, the shale fuses at this temperature stopping additional heat production (Smith et al., ).

The mineral.In true in-situ processes, difficulties in controlling the flame front and the flow of pyrolysis oil (also known as bio-crude or bio-oil) which can limit the ultimate oil recovery, that is pyrolytic oil (or bio-oil) is a normally contains too high levels of oxygen to be a hydrocarbon and leaving portions of the deposit unheated and portions of.Oil produced from the pyrolysis process is carried out of the retort by the gas stream in the form of vapor and oil mist (liquid).

Paraho demonstrated this process at a scale of about tons/day. In the Union B and Petrosix retorts the hot gas is provided by heating the hydrocarbon gases produced by pyrolysis in an external heater.